Orbitals

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Orbitals” represent the “space orientations” of the electrons in s, p, d and f sub-shells under the influence of a magnetic field.
Values of “m”( magnetic quantum number).
  • Different values of “m” depend on the value of “l” which itself depends on the value of
  • “m” can have integral values ranging from – l through 0 to + l, so
  • “m” = 0, +/- 1, +/-2, +/- 3,….., +/- l
  • Consequently
    When l= 0 (s-sub-shell), m=0 (only one value)
    When l = 1 (p-sub-shell), m=0, +/-1 (three values)
    When l= 2 (d-sub-shell), m= 0, +/-1, +/- 2 (five values)
    When l = 3 (f sub-shell), m = 0, +/-1, +/-2, +/-3 (seven values)

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