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C1* V1 = C2*V2

Here, C1 = Molarity or Initial Concentration, C2 = Molarity or Final Concentration, V1 = Initial Volume, V2 = Final Volume

If any one of above variable is unknown then we can simply find the unknown variable by simply using mathematics calculations concept. This equation helps us to find the chemistry concepts but one cannot determine the values of unknown variable without understanding the mathematical concepts. This can be easily clarified by the following suitable examples.

=> Initial volume, V1= 10 cubic centimeters and

=> Final volume, V2 = 20 cubic centimeters.

=> Now by using mathematical equation of Dilution equation, we get,

=> By comparing it with dilution equation,

=> C1 = 5, C2 = 10 and V2 = 100.

=> Now we have to find V1,